An emerging epidemic is being recognized with respect to obesity and changes in diet and physical activity. People are facing major negative consequences of excessive weight and more sedentary lifestyles. Although many people are more aware of the need for more weight management, exercise, and healthier diets, increasing incidences of ‘Metabolic Syndrome’ are reflected world wide. Metabolic syndrome is a group of metabolic risk factors with the following characteristics:
- Abdominal obesity(excessive fat tissue in and around the abdomen)
- Blood fat (lipid) disorders (mainly high triglycerides and low HDL cholesterol that are associated with plaque buildups in artery walls)
- Insulin resistance or glucose intolerance (the body can’t properly use insulin or blood sugar)
- Increased blood pressure (130/85 mm Hg or higher)
People with metabolic syndrome are at increased risk of chronic diseases. Closely correlated with development of cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes, this syndrome is being strongly associated with premature morbidity and mortality. Metabolic syndrome is estimated to affect over 50 million Americans.